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Original Ten Amendments: The Bill of Rights

Passed by Congress September 25, 1789.
Ratified December 15, 1791.

Amendment I

Freedoms, Petitions, Assembly

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Amendment II

Right to bear arms

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Amendment III

Quartering of soldiers

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment IV

Search and arrest

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Amendment V

Rights in criminal cases

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment VI

Right to a fair trial

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed; which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

Amendment VII

Rights in civil cases

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Amendment VIII

Bail, fines, punishment

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Amendment IX

Rights retained by the People

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Amendment X

States’ rights

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

Later Amendments

Amendment 11

Lawsuits against states

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

February 7, 1795.

Amendment 12

Presidential elections

The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;–The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;–The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. [And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.]* The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

June 15, 1804.
Superseded by Section 3 of the Twentieth Amendment.

Amendment 13

Abolition of slavery

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce these article by appropriate legislation.

December 6, 1865.

Amendment 14

Civil rights

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

July 9, 1868.

Amendment 15

Black suffrage

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

February 3, 1870.

Amendment 16

Income taxes

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

February 3, 1913.

Amendment 17

Senatorial elections

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature.

When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

April 8, 1913.

Amendment 18

Prohibition of liquor

Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

January 16, 1919. Repealed by the Twenty-First, December 5, 1933.

Amendment 19

Women’s suffrage

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any States on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

August 18, 1920.

Amendment 20

Terms of office

Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.

Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.

Section 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.

January 23, 1933.

Amendment 21

Repeal of Prohibition

Section 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

Section 2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.

Section 3. The article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

December 5, 1933.

Amendment 22

Term Limits for the Presidency

Section 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

Section 2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.

February 27, 1951.

Amendment 23

Washington, D.C., suffrage

Section 1. The District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct:

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a state, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

March 29, 1961.

Amendment 24

Abolition of poll taxes

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

January 23, 1964.

Amendment 25

Presidential succession

Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Section 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Section 3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Section 4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

February 10, 1967.

Amendment 26

18-year-old suffrage

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

June 30, 1971.

Amendment 27

Congressional pay raises

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

May 7, 1992. (Note: Congress submitted the text of this amendment as part of the proposed Bill of Rights on September 27, 1789. The Amendment was not ratified together with the first ten Amendments.)

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It’s the beginning of the election season for the President of the United States.  Where are we now compared to 7 years ago?

The economy has basically stabilized at low GDP growth 1-2.5% range.  The unemployment numbers are at 2009 levels, yet this seems clouded with out of the labor force numbers of nearly 94,000,000.  That’s a mighty big number, even if it were 1/4 that number 23,500,000 people, that’s huge!  Even 1/10th would be 9,400,000, very large indeed.  So employment is basically still terrible after 7 years.

After 7 years we’re pushed a media-propagandist driven agenda on a remarkable number of social ideologies which pitch one part of our citizens against another part of citizens furthering the division and divisiveness like we have never seen before.

Under the President he has either incorrectly judged or incorrectly decided foreign policy which has positioned America in a weaker position internationally.  Several of these situations include: Syria-Assad/Russia, Iraq-ISIS/L, Ukraine-Russia, Iran-Nuclear/Russia, Israel-Palestine, North Korea-South Korea, China-Currency Manipulation/Cyber Warfare.

Four years ago, we wrote an article which described 5 dominoes which may fall. While each area may have mutated from what was visible, these dominoes are real.  Take a look;  Another 4 Years, The Dominoes are Visible 

The Presidency is the toughest job in the world.  In fact, it’s become so complicated by special interests, by over-reaching authority that it’s stretched beyond it’s capability to operate with competency.  Look at the IRS scandal , as individuals extend their authority to harm citizens of opposing views and of course we hold no-one accountable !  We should be very afraid of this, consider the EPA, FCC, DOJ, DHS-TSA, BLM all of these alphabet soup agencies actually have very limited oversight, are fraught with such potential for agency abuse at the various leadership levels within each organization.  The abuse and potential yet to occur abuses have now outweighed the original usefulness of why the agencies was created in the first place!

This all suggests that less government, a constitutional based government is the only way to turn.   However, this is not and will not be reality unless the silent majority elects the right President, needed at precisely the right time, to pull back on government excesses, take control of fiscal responsibility, adheres to the rule of law and levels the playing field back in favor of the citizens and not special interest or the political elites!  November 2016 cannot come soon enough!

©republicunited 2015

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User beware, if you choose to create an account and submit your personal information in healthcare.gov you should have no reasonable expectation of privacy with your personal information.

Here we go again.  Incompetence or something else going on here?

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Fellow Americans we are watching the expedited erosion of our rights. bill-of-rights  We watched earlier this year as less than credible warrants were pushed through as several intrusions on the Associated Press (AP) and on a Fox News reporter James Rosen.  There was some media mention/noise, but like all good media outlets, they fell back in with the party-line message from this Administration.

The latest weak-ass warrant served August 6, 2013 on a Washington Times reporter, via a search warrant made on her husband for suspected “unregistered firearms”.  Of course the gestapo technique used by the Homeland Security officials included picking-up his wife’s notes and other files that she was making on a news investigative story she was writing.

So what was the reporter working on that had the Homeland Security so interested as to sideways access her life?  Well,  it seems she’d been doing some investigation of the… wait.. wait for it… the Homeland Security.   Yep, the very people that had deprived her of her Liberty and her First Amendment rights;  the very agency who is supposed to protect us from “Terrorists”.

Homeland SecurityIn a predawn raid her family home, reporter Audrey Hudson said the investigators, including an agent for Homeland’s Coast Guard service, took private notes and copies of government documents that she had obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.  Of the documents taken by these “Federal Agents” none of them were disclosed to Ms Hudson.   What was in the 5 files that concerned the Agency?

The warrant referenced no specific permission to seize reporting notes or files per the Washington Times.  The Times also said it is preparing legal action for unwarranted intrusion on the First Amendment and serious violations of Audrey Hudson’s Fourth Amendment rights as well.

Interestingly, Hudson’s husband has had no charges filed against him nearly three months later.  What’s that all about?  Oh yea- that’s not what they were looking for at that time.

3%20monkeysWhere’s the rest of the media on this?  SILENT.

As Americans, we can’t just stand idle while a new generation of leadership is taking advantage of the citizenry right in front of our faces.  Call Congress, post on Facebook about this case and others like it.

What’s next?  They coming for our blogs, our Facebook pages that don’t agree with them?  Our websites?   They coming after anything we have or say if we don’t agree with them?  Your thoughts?

Thought-Police

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On a raining evening in Sanford Florida on February 26, 2012 a 17 year old African American Trayvon Martin was shot and killed by George Zimmerman.  The police arrived within two minutes of the shooting.  Zimmerman was taken into custody, treated for head injuries, then questioned for five hours.  The police chief said that Zimmerman was released for lack of evidence and lack of legal grounds for arrest and that Zimmerman had the right to defend himself with lethal force.

The media immediately lead by NBC news jumped race-baiting reporting by claiming an AfricanAmerican was gunned down by a white man.  NBC went as far as manipulating the 911 call and not showing photographs of George Zimmerman with blood on his face and back of his head.  When it was discovered that he was Hispanic, he was then called a “white-hispanic”.

The President of the United States pm March 23, 2012 made a statement “If I had a son, he’d look like Trayvon”. 

Due to public pressure, George Zimmerman was arrested on April 11, 2012.   He was subsequently charged with 2nd Degree Murder and Manslaughter.

The trail took place between June 10, 2013 and July 13, 2013.  At the end of the trail, George Zimmerman was acquitted and found not guilty on all charges.

Since the verdict, there has continued controversy raised by Rev Al Sharpton, Jesse Jackson, NAACP and seem to make every effort to make this a race issue.   The NAACP is pressuring the Justice department to bring civicl rights violations against Zimmerman.

On July 19, 2013 the President issued another statement;

________________________

THIS COULD HAVE BEEN MY SON

This could have been my son, he could have been Trayvon too.  My son while raised in a middle class home, he became very rambunctious from about 16 to 20, he too smoked pot, drank and would have looked like Trayvon a lot.  I worried during these years that he didn’t end up in a ditch somewhere or shot due to being in the wrong place at the wrong time.   So I get the tragedy of a 17 year old being shot.

This could have been my son, he could have been George too.  My son is now much older, more mature has become what we’d consider now a good man.  He works hard, he lives in a neighborhood that has had its troubles with burglary, theft, vandalism.  So I could see him too doing his part to keep his neighborhood safe.

___________________________

A lot has been said about Trayvon’s rights.  It is a tragedy that he died that night.  From the testimony and case presented by the Special Prosecutor, the jury found Zimmerman Not-Guilty on all counts.  Our justice system has spoken.  But some of our political leaders, including our President think there is something more here.  Is our President incapable of supporting the due process that took place in Florida?   Did not George Zimmerman stand trial?

What about George’s rights?  George should have been “innocent until proven guilty”, but instead the media and this very President, convicted him prior to any facts being presented in this case.  What about Georges rights?  Is not this President and his Administration reaching beyond their authority to harass and vilify George Zimmerman by stoking this as a Racial Attack and now chasing civil rights violations when their very own FBI says Zimmerman isn’t a racist?  The case, including over 30 witnesses interviewed by the FBI proved that George was not a racist.  In fact, you would say he stood up for minorities, being a minority himself.  Read FBI Reports: Zimmernan not a racist

What about George’s rights?

Could you see yourself being overrun by a media and blood thirsty political group?

I could.

© Republic United 2013

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I’m watching the IRS hearings and find the lack of any responsibility by the leadership astounding.  These people receive a huge salary from the people of the United States, have taken an Oath of Office, yet IRS Abusethey don’t have a clue what’s going on, who’s in charge, who created the “inappropriate” questionnaires and ultimately stood by while many people in Cincinnati proceeded to violate the Constitution and people’s Civil Rights.

How can I get a job where I get paid hundreds of thousands of dollars, essentially I would be responsible for nothing, can fail in my job, can blame that it’s others but can’t remember any names?  AND keep my job!

We want these people to expand the government and be responsible for oversight of the Affordable HealthCare Act “ObamaCare”?

WAKE UP AMERICA, Apathy and incompetence reigns in our government.

Be afraid, very very afraid.

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We’ve been hearing rumors about the IRS possibly being aggressive to conservative groups for nearly a year.  Since we no longer have mainstream media Free Press, but instead party leaning infomercial-news, this situation went on while the IG (Inspector General) was investigating for months leading up to the 2012 election.

On May 17, we hear from Mr Miller the head of the IRS, who had previously testified in front of Congress before 2013 that essentially all was well.   Today he was questioned as to why he didn’t, since he knew about the IG investigation, disclose the improprieties at the time of his testimony.  Mr. Miller’s explanation was that of someone hiding something, “I answered the questions asked” that’s what a lawyer tells a criminal when under oath.  Avoid the question by answering a preprepared answer and only answer as limited as possible to the question at hand.

As a citizen, as listed throughout the Constitution of the United States of America, I am more than appalled at how the government is conducting business.  I think the Representative from Pennsylvania has summarized this best.

Enclosed here is the IG’s report.  This is redacted which also concerns me, as we have not been given the entire report, so what’s missing?   IG Report-revised-redacted-1

For citizens to have been profiled into certain groups by name and then treated, by what appears from the IG’s report and limited testimony, beyond the scope necessary to issue tax status, appears to be civil rights violations and criminal.  For the government to restrict its citizens from exercising its lawful right as upheld by the Supreme Court in Citizens United, is criminal.

To assign this as low level employees tells me one of two things, 1) either the executive branch, management of departments and managers are incompetent (see Stretched Beyond its Limits: Executive Branch) or 2) that the executive branch, management of departments and managers are in fact competent and decided to manage the TeaParty, Conservative, Christian and Jewish groups in this specific manner.

Either answer is criminal.

As tax payers we work hard for our money, we get up go to work, manage our affairs to make money and we pay into a system anywhere from around 1%  upwards to 55% of our income in support of this very government that is restricting citizen rights.  We deserve better.  Our politicians need to focus on the running of the government they created, or we must insist you shut the parts down that you are incapable of properly managing.  And to the Appointed staff, long time government Executives, Management and Employees, we deserve better.  You are shafting your neighbors, family, communities and nation by not standing up and calling out these situations.

The President, if not then The Congress, if not then The Press should demand that a full accounting be conducted and the criminal behavior be charged where it has happened, that firings be conducted where appropriate, that organizational notice be given and that proper and lawful enforcement as needed in the collection of government money be established.  Our participation is “voluntary” thus far.  Else it is The Citizens which shall demand a change and that request would be final.

The hard working members of America are watching, do the right thing!

©republicunited2013

 

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